CLAMPDOWN: PDM lawmaker Vipuakuje Muharukua. PHOTO: Contributed
CLAMPDOWN: PDM lawmaker Vipuakuje Muharukua. PHOTO: Contributed

Parlementslid vra polisiëring vir sosiale media

Moet haatspraak, fopnuus en kuberafknouery beperk
Voorvalle van kuberafknouery en haatspraak neem glo die afgelope tyd in Namibië toe, met 'n aantal lastersake wat in die hof gedraai het.
Tanja Bause
Mathias Haufiku - Die Popular Democratic Movement (PDM)-parlementslid Vipuakuje Muharukua wil ’n wet hê wat vryheid van spraak op sosiale media sal polisieer.

Muharukua het verlede week in die Nasionale Vergadering gepraat en gesê sy voorstel het ten doel om haatspraak, waninligting en kuberafknouery op sosiale media te bekamp.

“Die vestiging van ’n omvattende regulatoriese raamwerk vir sosiale media is noodsaaklik vir Namibië in hierdie digitale era. Dit sal ’n balans skep tussen vryheid van uitdrukking en regte op privaatheid, die benutting van die wet op toegang tot inligting en die implementering van meganismes om haatspraak, fopnuus en kuberafknouery hok te slaan, ” het Muharukua gesê.

Van die gewildste sosialemediaplatforms in Namibië sluit in Facebook, X (voorheen Twitter), Instagram, WhatsApp en TikTok.

As Muharukua sy sin kry sal daar van sosialemediaplatforms – wat hul dienste in Namibië wil lewer – vereis word om robuuste inhoudmodereringsbeleide aan te neem, versterk deur deursigtige verslagdoeningsmeganismes en vinnige reaksies op gevalle wat aangemeld word.

“Boonop sal vennootskappe met wetstoepassingsagentskappe en relevante belanghebbendes die doeltreffendheid van die bekamping van hierdie digitale uitdagings verbeter in die era waar Namibië in die vierde industriële revolusie inbeweeg,” het hy gesê.

Afsluitings

Sy voorstel kom maande nadat die kubersekuriteitsmaatskappy Surfshark – wat in Nederland gebaseer is – glo aangekondig het dat hy 42 nuwe internetonderbrekings wêreldwyd aangeteken het, waarvan nege in Afrika plaasgevind het.

Ses lande – Ethiopië, Guinee, Mauritanië, Senegal, Soedan en Tanzanië – was verantwoordelik vir daardie nege onderbrekings. Hierdie afgedwonge internetperke binne hul gebied het gedurende die eerste helfte van 2023 plaasgevind.

Muharukua het gesê die nadelige impak van sosiale media hou ’n beduidende bedreiging in vir maatskaplike harmonie en individuele welstand.

Regsbeskerming

Muharukua, ’n prokureur, is van mening diegene wat nie siviele regsgedinge kan bekostig nie, het nie genoegsame regshulpbronne nie.

“Daar is ’n hulpmiddel wat geaffekteerde individue tans kan gebruik wanneer hul reputasie aangetas is en hulle van hul waardigheid op sosiale media gestroop word deur afknouery, haatspraak, viktimisasie, ensovoorts. Ons moet egter in gedagte hou wanneer hul grondwetlike regte nie effektief beskerm word nie, is die regsgeding, wat ’n siviele geding is, beide omslagtig en duur vir die gemiddelde Namibiër om te onderneem,” het hy gesê.

Volgens die jong parlementariër sal ’n regulerende raamwerk vir sosiale media ’n balans tussen vryheid van uitdrukking en regte op privaatheid bied.

Sy voorstel kan meer ellende beteken vir tegnologiereuse wat sosialemediaplatforms bestuur wat reeds onder druk is van regerings wat vryheid van spraak wil reguleer, met baie wat beweer verhoogde regulering van sosiale media kan hul sakemodelle ontspoor.

Namibië se hoofpyn

Voorvalle van kuberafknouery en haatspraak neem die afgelope tyd in Namibië toe, met ’n aantal lastersake wat in die hof gedraai het.

Net verlede jaar het die presidentsvrou, Monica Geingos, ’n lastersaak teen die onderwyser Abed Hishoono aanhangig gemaak omdat hy valse beskuldigings teen haar gemaak het in ’n video wat wyd versprei is.

Hishoono het beweer Geingos was betrokke by die ondergang van Air Namibia deur haar sakebelange in WestAir en dat sy in ’n verhouding met die Fishrot-beskuldigde, James Hatuikulipi, is. Hy het ook beweer dat Geingos ’n kind met Hatuikulipi verwek het en dat hy Geingos as ’n vrou aan president Hage Geingob “verskaf” het.

Die hof het in haar guns beslis en Hishoono beveel om sy aantygings terug te trek, om verskoning te vra en daarna N$250 000 as vergoeding te betaal.

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H.E. Dr Nangolo Mbumba, President of the Republic of Namibia says they will continue to pursue the second struggle of Namibia Zambian President, Hakainde Hichilema said one road will be named after the late president in Lusaka and the other road will be named after the founding president of Namibia The late President Hage Geingob’s casket was stationed at the Eternal Flame before he was taken to his final resting place The casket will of the late president was lowered with a 21 gun salute Accoutrements will be handed over to the former first lady of Monica Geingos An official luncheon by invitation is scheduled to take place at 14:00 at the State House The foreign dignataries are currently paying their last tribute to the former first lady, Monica Geingos Heroes Acre will be closed to the public, the National Council will announce once it is reopenedSix Nations: Scotland 30 vs 21 England | Ireland 31 vs 7 Wales Premier League: Arsenal 4 vs 1 Newcastle | Bournemouth 0 vs 1 Manchester City | Brighton 1 vs 1 Everton | Crystal Palace 3 vs 0 Burnley | Aston Villa 4 vs 2 Forest | Manchester United 1 vs 2 Fulham | Chelsea 0 vs 0 Tottenham Hotspur LaLiga: Cadiz 2 vs 2 Celta Vigo | Almería 2 vs 2 Atletico Madrid | Deportivo Alaves 1 vs 1 Mallorca | Barcelona 4 vs 0 Getafe | Granada 0 vs 0 Valencia | Real Sociedad 1 vs 3 Villarreal SerieA: Juventus 3 vs 2 Frosinone | Genoa 2 vs 0 Udinese | Salernitana 0 vs 2 Monza | Sassuolo 2 vs 3 Empoli | Bologna 2 vs 0 Hellas Verona | Torino 0 vs 2 SS Lazio European Championships Qualifying: Ipswich Town 3 vs 1 Birmingham City | Watford 1 vs 2 Huddersfield Town | Sunderland 1 vs 2 Swansea City | Blackburn Rovers 1 vs 1 Norwich City | Southampton 1 vs 2 Millwall FC | Cardiff City 2 vs 1 Stoke City | Queens Park Rangers 2 vs 1 Rotherham United | Sheffield Wednesday 2 vs 1 Bristol City | Middlesbrough 0 vs 2 Plymouth Argyle | Hull City 1 vs 1 West Bromwich Albion | Leeds United 3 vs 1 Leicester City | Coventry City 0 vs 3 Preston North End English Championship: Ipswich Town 3 vs 1 Birmingham City | Watford 1 vs 2 Huddersfield Town | Sunderland 1 vs 2 Swansea City | Blackburn Rovers 1 vs 1 Norwich City | Southampton 1 vs 2 Millwall FC | Cardiff City 2 vs 1 Stoke City | Queens Park Rangers 2 vs 1 Rotherham United | Sheffield Wednesday 2 vs 1 Bristol City | Middlesbrough 0 vs 2 Plymouth Argyle | Hull City 1 vs 1 West Bromwich Albion | Leeds United 3 vs 1 Leicester City | Coventry City 0 vs 3 Preston North End Katima Mulilo: 22° | 41° Rundu: 22° | 40° Eenhana: 22° | 37° Oshakati: 23° | 36° Ruacana: 19° | 36° Tsumeb: 24° | 37° Otjiwarongo: 22° | 34° Omaruru: 21° | 36° Windhoek: 22° | 32° Gobabis: 22° | 35° Henties Bay: 16° | 19° Wind speed: 21km/h, Wind direction: S, Low tide: 10:10, High tide: 04:15, Low Tide: 22:13, High tide: 16:26 Swakopmund: 16° | 17° Wind speed: 25km/h, Wind direction: SW, Low tide: 10:08, High tide: 04:13, Low Tide: 22:11, High tide: 16:24 Walvis Bay: 16° | 21° Wind speed: 30km/h, Wind direction: SW, Low tide: 10:08, High tide: 04:12, Low Tide: 22:11, High tide: 16:23 Rehoboth: 20° | 34° Mariental: 20° | 36° Keetmanshoop: 19° | 35° Aranos: 20° | 36° Lüderitz: 14° | 30° Ariamsvlei: 16° | 34° Oranjemund: 13° | 26° Luanda: 26° | 28° Gaborone: 21° | 39° Lubumbashi: 18° | 26° Mbabane: 14° | 20° Maseru: 10° | 32° Antananarivo: 15° | 27° Lilongwe: 18° | 30° Maputo: 21° | 26° Windhoek: 22° | 32° Cape Town: 16° | 25° Durban: 18° | 22° Johannesburg: 19° | 32° Dar es Salaam: 27° | 33° Lusaka: 18° | 34° Harare: 18° | 33° Currency: GBP to NAD 24.4 | EUR to NAD 20.87 | CNY to NAD 2.68 | USD to NAD 19.28 | DZD to NAD 0.14 | AOA to NAD 0.02 | BWP to NAD 1.35 | EGP to NAD 0.62 | KES to NAD 0.13 | NGN to NAD 0.01 | ZMW to NAD 0.83 | ZWL to NAD 0.04 | BRL to NAD 3.86 | RUB to NAD 0.21 | INR to NAD 0.23 | USD to DZD 134.44 | USD to AOA 828.51 | USD to BWP 13.77 | USD to EGP 30.85 | USD to KES 144.98 | USD to NGN 1488.4 | USD to ZAR 19.29 | USD to ZMW 22.95 | USD to ZWL 321 | Stock Exchange: JSE All Share Index 74213.39 Up +0.14% | Namibian Stock Exchange (NSX) Overall Index 1551.37 Up +0.01% | Casablanca Stock Exchange (CSE) MASI 13083.17 Up +0.74% | Egyptian Exchange (EGX) 30 Index 29309.73 Up +0.06% | Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) DCI 9001.84 Same 0 | NSX: MTC 7.75 SAME | Anirep 8.99 SAME | Capricorn Investment group 17.34 SAME | FirstRand Namibia Ltd 49 DOWN 0.50% | Letshego Holdings (Namibia) Ltd 4.1 UP 2.50% | Namibia Asset Management Ltd 0.7 SAME | Namibia Breweries Ltd 31.49 UP 0.03% | Nictus Holdings - Nam 2.22 SAME | Oryx Properties Ltd 12.1 UP 1.70% | Paratus Namibia Holdings 11.99 SAME | SBN Holdings 8.45 SAME | Trustco Group Holdings Ltd 0.48 SAME | B2Gold Corporation 47.34 DOWN 1.50% | Local Index closed 677.62 UP 0.12% | Overall Index closed 1534.6 DOWN 0.05% | Osino Resources Corp 19.47 DOWN 2.41% | Commodities: Gold US$ 2 035.38/OZ UP +0.52% | Copper US$ 3.86/lb DOWN -0.0073 | Zinc US$ 2 432.00/T UP 0.13% | Brent Crude Oil US$ 81.72/BBP DOWN -0.0194 | Platinum US$ 900.85/OZ DOWN -0.0011 Sport results: H.E. Dr Nangolo Mbumba, President of the Republic of Namibia says they will continue to pursue the second struggle of Namibia Zambian President, Hakainde Hichilema said one road will be named after the late president in Lusaka and the other road will be named after the founding president of Namibia The late President Hage Geingob’s casket was stationed at the Eternal Flame before he was taken to his final resting place The casket will of the late president was lowered with a 21 gun salute Accoutrements will be handed over to the former first lady of Monica Geingos An official luncheon by invitation is scheduled to take place at 14:00 at the State House The foreign dignataries are currently paying their last tribute to the former first lady, Monica Geingos Heroes Acre will be closed to the public, the National Council will announce once it is reopenedSix Nations: Scotland 30 vs 21 England | Ireland 31 vs 7 Wales Premier League: Arsenal 4 vs 1 Newcastle | Bournemouth 0 vs 1 Manchester City | Brighton 1 vs 1 Everton | Crystal Palace 3 vs 0 Burnley | Aston Villa 4 vs 2 Forest | Manchester United 1 vs 2 Fulham | Chelsea 0 vs 0 Tottenham Hotspur LaLiga: Cadiz 2 vs 2 Celta Vigo | Almería 2 vs 2 Atletico Madrid | Deportivo Alaves 1 vs 1 Mallorca | Barcelona 4 vs 0 Getafe | Granada 0 vs 0 Valencia | Real Sociedad 1 vs 3 Villarreal SerieA: Juventus 3 vs 2 Frosinone | Genoa 2 vs 0 Udinese | Salernitana 0 vs 2 Monza | Sassuolo 2 vs 3 Empoli | Bologna 2 vs 0 Hellas Verona | Torino 0 vs 2 SS Lazio European Championships Qualifying: Ipswich Town 3 vs 1 Birmingham City | Watford 1 vs 2 Huddersfield Town | Sunderland 1 vs 2 Swansea City | Blackburn Rovers 1 vs 1 Norwich City | Southampton 1 vs 2 Millwall FC | Cardiff City 2 vs 1 Stoke City | Queens Park Rangers 2 vs 1 Rotherham United | Sheffield Wednesday 2 vs 1 Bristol City | Middlesbrough 0 vs 2 Plymouth Argyle | Hull City 1 vs 1 West Bromwich Albion | Leeds United 3 vs 1 Leicester City | Coventry City 0 vs 3 Preston North End English Championship: Ipswich Town 3 vs 1 Birmingham City | Watford 1 vs 2 Huddersfield Town | Sunderland 1 vs 2 Swansea City | Blackburn Rovers 1 vs 1 Norwich City | Southampton 1 vs 2 Millwall FC | Cardiff City 2 vs 1 Stoke City | Queens Park Rangers 2 vs 1 Rotherham United | Sheffield Wednesday 2 vs 1 Bristol City | Middlesbrough 0 vs 2 Plymouth Argyle | Hull City 1 vs 1 West Bromwich Albion | Leeds United 3 vs 1 Leicester City | Coventry City 0 vs 3 Preston North End Weather: Katima Mulilo: 22° | 41° Rundu: 22° | 40° Eenhana: 22° | 37° Oshakati: 23° | 36° Ruacana: 19° | 36° Tsumeb: 24° | 37° Otjiwarongo: 22° | 34° Omaruru: 21° | 36° Windhoek: 22° | 32° Gobabis: 22° | 35° Henties Bay: 16° | 19° Wind speed: 21km/h, Wind direction: S, Low tide: 10:10, High tide: 04:15, Low Tide: 22:13, High tide: 16:26 Swakopmund: 16° | 17° Wind speed: 25km/h, Wind direction: SW, Low tide: 10:08, High tide: 04:13, Low Tide: 22:11, High tide: 16:24 Walvis Bay: 16° | 21° Wind speed: 30km/h, Wind direction: SW, Low tide: 10:08, High tide: 04:12, Low Tide: 22:11, High tide: 16:23 Rehoboth: 20° | 34° Mariental: 20° | 36° Keetmanshoop: 19° | 35° Aranos: 20° | 36° Lüderitz: 14° | 30° Ariamsvlei: 16° | 34° Oranjemund: 13° | 26° Luanda: 26° | 28° Gaborone: 21° | 39° Lubumbashi: 18° | 26° Mbabane: 14° | 20° Maseru: 10° | 32° Antananarivo: 15° | 27° Lilongwe: 18° | 30° Maputo: 21° | 26° Windhoek: 22° | 32° Cape Town: 16° | 25° Durban: 18° | 22° Johannesburg: 19° | 32° Dar es Salaam: 27° | 33° Lusaka: 18° | 34° Harare: 18° | 33° Economic Indicators: Currency: GBP to NAD 24.4 | EUR to NAD 20.87 | CNY to NAD 2.68 | USD to NAD 19.28 | DZD to NAD 0.14 | AOA to NAD 0.02 | BWP to NAD 1.35 | EGP to NAD 0.62 | KES to NAD 0.13 | NGN to NAD 0.01 | ZMW to NAD 0.83 | ZWL to NAD 0.04 | BRL to NAD 3.86 | RUB to NAD 0.21 | INR to NAD 0.23 | USD to DZD 134.44 | USD to AOA 828.51 | USD to BWP 13.77 | USD to EGP 30.85 | USD to KES 144.98 | USD to NGN 1488.4 | USD to ZAR 19.29 | USD to ZMW 22.95 | USD to ZWL 321 | Stock Exchange: JSE All Share Index 74213.39 Up +0.14% | Namibian Stock Exchange (NSX) Overall Index 1551.37 Up +0.01% | Casablanca Stock Exchange (CSE) MASI 13083.17 Up +0.74% | Egyptian Exchange (EGX) 30 Index 29309.73 Up +0.06% | Botswana Stock Exchange (BSE) DCI 9001.84 Same 0 | NSX: MTC 7.75 SAME | Anirep 8.99 SAME | Capricorn Investment group 17.34 SAME | FirstRand Namibia Ltd 49 DOWN 0.50% | Letshego Holdings (Namibia) Ltd 4.1 UP 2.50% | Namibia Asset Management Ltd 0.7 SAME | Namibia Breweries Ltd 31.49 UP 0.03% | Nictus Holdings - Nam 2.22 SAME | Oryx Properties Ltd 12.1 UP 1.70% | Paratus Namibia Holdings 11.99 SAME | SBN Holdings 8.45 SAME | Trustco Group Holdings Ltd 0.48 SAME | B2Gold Corporation 47.34 DOWN 1.50% | Local Index closed 677.62 UP 0.12% | Overall Index closed 1534.6 DOWN 0.05% | Osino Resources Corp 19.47 DOWN 2.41% | Commodities: Gold US$ 2 035.38/OZ UP +0.52% | Copper US$ 3.86/lb DOWN -0.0073 | Zinc US$ 2 432.00/T UP 0.13% | Brent Crude Oil US$ 81.72/BBP DOWN -0.0194 | Platinum US$ 900.85/OZ DOWN -0.0011